இந்தக் கட்டுரையினை தமிழில் படிப்பதற்கு இங்கே சொடுக்கவும்
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi is all set to visit Bankong of Thailand on November 3, 2019 where he attended the ASEAN-India, East Asia Summit and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) summits.
- These summits used to strengthen regional cooperation in key areas such as trade, maritime security and connectivity.
- The Association of South East Asian Nations is a regional intergovernmental organization which was established to promote political and social stability amid rising tensions among the Asia-Pacific’s post-colonial states.
- The motto of ASEAN is “One Vision, One Identity, One Community”.
- 8th August is observed as ASEAN Day.
- ASEAN Secretariat – Indonesia, Jakarta.
- The Chairmanship of ASEAN rotates annually, based on the alphabetical order of the English names of ASEAN member states.
- The member state assuming the Chairmanship holds it for one calendar year, and chairs the ASEAN Summit and related summits.
- The Chairman of ASEAN for 2019 is Thailand.
Genesis of ASEAN
- 1967 – ASEAN was established with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by its founding fathers.
- Founding Fathers of ASEAN are: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
- Addition of Brunei (1984), Vietnam (1995), Laos and Myanmar (1997), and Cambodia (1999).
- 1995 – Members signed a deal to create a nuclear-free zone in Southeast Asia.
- 1997 – Adoption of ASEAN Vision 2020.
- 2008 – ASEAN Charter comes into force and becomes a legally binding agreement.
- 2015 – Launch of ASEAN Community.
- 35th ASEAN Summit – Bangkok, Thailand.
- ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars
- ASEAN Political-Security Community
- ASEAN Economic Community
- ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
- To accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural development.
- To promote regional peace and stability.
- To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields.
- To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilisation of agriculture and industries and the raising of the living standards of peoples.
- ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF):
- Launched in 1993, the twenty-seven-member multilateral grouping was developed to contribute to regional confidence-building and preventive diplomacy.
- ASEAN Plus Three:
- The consultative group initiated in 1997 brings together ASEAN’s ten members with China, Japan, and South Korea.
- East Asia Summit (EAS):
- First held in 2005 at Kuala Lumpur of Malaysia, the summit seeks to promote security and prosperity in the Indo – Pacific region.
- The EAS is an ASEAN-centred forum and can only be chaired by an ASEAN member. The present Chair is Thailand.
- It is a regional forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian, and South Asian regions, based on the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism.
- Later membership was expanded into 18 since the 6th East Asia Summit in 2011 held at Bali in Indonesia.
- The following countries are its members
- 10 Members of ASEAN
- Australia, China, Japan, India, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Russia and the United States.
Strengths & Opportunities
- ASEAN commands far greater influence on Asia-Pacific trade, political, and security issues than its members could achieve individually.
- Demographic dividend – It constitutes 3rd largest population in the world, of which more than half is below thirty years of age.
- 3rd largest market in the world - larger than EU and North American markets.
- 6th largest economy in the world, 3rd in Asia.
- Free-trade agreements (FTAs) with China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia and New Zealand.
- Fourth most popular investment destination globally.
- ASEAN’s share of global exports has also risen, from only 2 percent in 1967 to 7 percent by 2016, indicating the rising importance of trade to ASEAN’s economic prospects.
- The ASEAN Single Aviation Market and Open Skies policies have increased its transport and connectivity potential.
- ASEAN has contributed to regional stability by building much-needed norms and fostering a neutral environment to address shared challenges.
35th ASEAN Summit
- The 35th Summit of The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) began in Bangkok, Thailand.
- It is a biannual meeting.
- The theme of 35th ASEAN Summit is - Advancing Partnership for sustainability.
- Head of the Summit – Thailand (2019), Singapore (2018)
- Apart from 10 members countries, 10 dialogue partner countries also participated in the summit.
India and ASEAN
- India's relationship with ASEAN is a key pillar of her foreign policy and the foundation of Act East Policy.
- India has a separate mission to ASEAN and the EAS in Jakarta.
- India and ASEAN already have 25 years of Dialogue Partnership, 15 years of Summit Level interaction and 5 years of Strategic Partnership with ASEAN.
- Economic Cooperation:
- ASEAN is India's fourth largest trading partner.
- India's trade with ASEAN stands at approx. 10.6% of India's overall trade.
- India's export to ASEAN stands at 11.28% of our total exports.
- The ASEAN-India Free Trade Area has been completed.
- ASEAN India-Business Council (AIBC) was set up in 2003 to bring key private sector players from India and the ASEAN countries on a single platform.
- Socio-Cultural Cooperation:
- Programmes to boost People-to-People Interaction with ASEAN, such as inviting ASEAN students to India, Special Training Course for ASEAN diplomats, Exchange of Parliamentarians, etc.
- Financial assistance has been provided to ASEAN countries from the following Funds:
- ASEAN-India Cooperation Fund
- ASEAN-India S&T Development Fund
- ASEAN-India Green Fund
- Delhi Declaration:
- To identify Cooperation in the Maritime Domain as the key area of cooperation under the ASEAN-India strategic partnership.
- ASEAN-India Centre (AIC):
- To undertake policy research, advocacy and networking activities with organizations and think-tanks in India and ASEAN.
16th India ASEAN Summit
- The Indian Prime Minister attended the 16th ASEAN-India Summit in Bangkok, Thailand.
- The Indian Prime Minister highlighted the importance of Myanmar to India's Look East Policy and the Neighbourhood First policies.
- India plans to host a business event for the CLMV countries (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam) in Yangon at the end of November 2019.
- India and Indonesia commemorate the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.
- The PM also addressed the Indian community at the 'Sawasdee PM Modi' event in Bangkok.
- In the Thai language, the word ‘Sawasdee’ is used for greetings and goodbye.
- Along with this Summit, the other summits that took place in Thailand are
- 35th ASEAN Summit
- 14th East Asia Summit, and
- 3rd meeting of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).
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