El Nino Modoki

May 19, 201932 days 00
  • The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) has predicted that El Nino Modoki events in India from 2020 May
    • increase the frequency of heat waves
    • increase the duration of heat waves
  • South India and coastal regions are expected to be affected by more heat waves.
  • Heat waves in India are usually followed by El Nino events.
  • El Nino is warming of Eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • But El Nino Modoki event is the Warming up of central Pacific Ocean.
  • It is the first time that research has connected future heat waves in India with El Nino Modoki events.
  • Additional factors expected to make the heat waves worse are
    • Depletion of soil moisture
    • transfer of heat from the earth to the atmosphere

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