TNPSC Thervupettagam

Men5CV Meningitis Vaccine - Nigeria

April 20 , 2024 56 days 172 0
  • Nigeria has become the first country in the world to roll out the "revolutionary" new Men5CV vaccine against meningitis.
  • Last year, a 50% rise in annual cases was reported across 26 African countries regarded as meningitis hyperendemic countries.
  • Meningitis is a life-threatening disease caused by inflammation of the membranes (meninges) that surround the brain and spinal cord.
  • There are multiple causes of meningitis, including viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic pathogens.
  • There are four main causes of acute bacterial meningitis:
    • Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus)
    • Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus)
    • Haemophilus influenzae
    • Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus).

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