TNPSC Thervupettagam

Mother Tongue Survey

November 13 , 2022 524 days 493 0
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs has completed the Mother Tongue Survey of India (MTSI) with field videography of the country’s 576 languages.
  • It aims to conduct surveys of mother tongues that are returned consistently across 2 or more Census decades.
  • It also records the linguistic features of select languages.
  • The National Informatics Centre (NIC) and the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) is currently documenting and preserving the linguistic data of the surveyed mother tongues in video-audio files.
  • As per an analysis of 2011 linguistic census data, more than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongues.
  • These were grouped into 121 mother tongues after the census data underwent linguistic scrutiny, editing and rationalisation.
  • 43.6 per cent of the population (52.8 crore people) declared Hindi to be their mother tongue.
  • The second highest spoken mother tongue is Bengali.
  • 9.7 crore people or 8 per cent of the population speak the language.

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