TNPSC Thervupettagam

Separatists in Ukraine declare creation of new 'state' Malorossiya

July 19 , 2017 2023 days 976 0
  • Ukraine rebels announce new 'state' in eastern part under their control.
  • According to a statement issued by Alexander Zakharchenko, leader of Donetsk People's Republic, Alexander Zacherchenko, declared the establishment of a new state by joining "People's Republics" region. Subsequently, a referendum for Malorossiya will be held among its people after a transition period of three years.
  • There was no immediate comment from Russia, which has been supporting the rebels.
  • Malorossiya, a tsarist-era name means "Little Russia".
  • Eastern part of Ukraine has majority of Russian speakers. They were not alienated during the existence of USSR.
  • In recent times, they complained about differential treatment of Russian speakers by Ukraine. This issue escalated into an armed rebellion. Around ten thousand people were killed in Ukrainian Civil War.
  • Last year, the insurgents took control of Donetsk and Lugansk in the eastern region of Ukraine and declared establishment of Donetsk Republic and Lugansk People Republic.
  • They conducted elections and formed the government. But, Ukraine denied to acknowledge the self-declared territories.
  • France, Germany, Ukraine and Russia worked out an agreement in the Belarusian capital, Minsk, in 2015 which laid out a road map for ending the conflict between government troops and separatists.
  • Ukraine agreed to grant more autonomy in Russian- speaking regions. But the deal failed to materialize, east Ukraine continues to remain under the control of separatists.
  • United States and European Union have imposed severe economic sanctions on Russia, accusing it of supporting separatism in eastern Ukraine and providing weapons to the rebellions.

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