TNPSC Thervupettagam

Uttarakhand Uniform Civil Code Bill

February 12 , 2024 14 days 196 0
  • Uttarakhand has become the first state to pass the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) bill.
  • UCC refers to a common set of laws that are applicable to all Indian citizens, and is not based on religion in dealing with marriage, divorce, inheritance, and adoption, among other personal matters.
  • The bill excludes population control measures and the Scheduled Tribes, constituting 3 per cent of Uttarakhand's population.
  • The distinction between the Ancestral Property and Self-Acquired Property was abolished.
  • In cases of intestate succession, the property will pass on to Class-1 heirs, who include the children, the widow and parents among a long list of others.
  • In the absence of Class-1 heirs, the property will pass on to Class-2 heirs, who include siblings, nieces, nephews and grandparents, among others.
  • The Bill has provisions for equal rights for women in inheritance in ancestral properties, equal rights to adopt, divorce.
  • The practices of bigamy or polygamy are outlawed.
  • It provides the mandatory registration/self-declaration for live-in relationships, mandatory registration of marriage of marriages and divorce.
  • UCC brings the minimum age of marriage to 18 and 21 for Muslim women and men.

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